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The basics of nutrition

Food is made up of biochemical structures that provide us with energy and support all areas of your health and well-being from ensuring proper cell functioning, tissue growth, hormonal balance and mood regulation through to… you guessed it… weight management. People tend to oversimplify the nutritional properties of food as demonstrated through statements like “I eat pasta for energy” or “I drink milk for calcium” but the reality is that all food is a rich and complex blend of biochemical components. And these components are broadly organized into two major nutritional categories: macronutrients and micronutrients.

Macronutrients (also called “Macros”) are a group of nutritional compounds that need to be consumed in large amounts. These macros supply us with energy as well as perform specific roles and functions within your body, brain and other systems. There are three types of macronutrients that human’s need: protein, fat and carbohydrates. Micronutrients are essential chemical compounds that are needed in much smaller quantities and are categorized as either vitamins or mineral. Micronutrients do not provide us with energy but work in tandem with the macros to support more specific functioning and growth roles within the body.

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